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Academic plagiarism is no longer just sloppy “cut and paste” jobs or students cribbing large chunks of an assignment from a friend’s earlier essay on the topic that is same. These days, students can visit any of simply a number of paper or essay mills that litter the online world and get a completed assignment to provide as their own.
These shadowy businesses are not going away anytime soon. Paper mills can’t easily be policed or shut down by legislation. And there’s a trickier issue at play here: they provide a service which an number that is alarming of will happily use.
Managing this form that is newest of academic deceit will require hard work from established academia and a renewed commitment to integrity from university communities.
Unmasking the “shadow scholar”
In November 2010, the Chronicle of Higher Education published an article that rocked the academic world. Its author that is anonymous confessed having written more than 5000 pages of scholarly work per year on the behalf of university students. Ethics was one of the issues that are many author had tackled for clients.
The practice continues 5 years on. At a conference about plagiarism held into the Czech Republic in June 2015, one speaker revealed that up to 22% of students in some Australian undergraduate programmes had admitted to buying or going to buy assignments on the Internet.
In addition emerged that the paper mill business was booming. One site claims to receive two million hits every month for its 5000 free papers that are downloadable. Another allows cheats to electronically interview the folks that will write their papers. Some even claim to use university professors to make sure the caliber of work.
A typical example of one of many many paper mills that a simple Google search brings up.
Policing and legislation becomes quite difficult due to the fact company assignments that are selling be domiciled in the US while its “suppliers”, the ghostwriters, are based elsewhere in the world. Your client, a university student, could possibly be anywhere in the globa world – New York City, Lagos, London, Nairobi or Johannesburg.
No quick fixes
If the ongoing companies and writers are all shadows, how can paper mills be stopped? The answers most likely lie with university students – and with the academics who teach them.
The anonymous writer whose paper mill tales shocked academia explained when you look at the piece which types of students were utilizing these types of services and simply exactly how much they were willing to pay. In the time of writing, he was making about US$66,000 annually. His three main client groups were students for whom English is an extra language; students who will be struggling academically and people who are lazy and rich.
His criticism is stinging:
I live well from the desperation, misery, and incompetence that your particular system that is educational has.
Ideally, lecturers within the system of which he’s so dismissive should be aware of their students and therefore manage to detect abnormal patterns of work. However with large undergraduate classes of 500 students or even more, this known standard of engagement is impossible. The opportunity for greater engagement that is direct students rises at postgraduate levels as class sizes drop.
Academics should also carefully design their types of assessment mainly because could serve to deter students from buying assignments and dissertations. Again, this method is more feasible with smaller amounts of postgraduate students and live dissertation defences.
It isn’t foolproof. Students may still use the right time for you to familiarise themselves with the contents regarding the documents they’ve bought to enable them to answer questions without exposing their dishonesty.
At the conference, some academics suggested that students should write assignments on templates furnished by their university that may track when tasks are undertaken so when it’s incorporated into the document. However, this sort of remedy continues to be being developed.
There was another nagging problem with calling on academics alone to tackle plagiarism. Research suggests that many may themselves be guilty of the same offence or may ignore their students’ dishonesty because they feel investigating plagiarism takes time that is too much.
It has additionally been proved that cheating behaviour thrives in environments where you can find company website few or no consequences. But perhaps herein lies an answer which could aid in addressing the issue of plagiarism and paper mills.
Universities exist to advance thought leadership and moral development in society.
As a result, their academics should be role models and must promote ethical behaviour within the academy. There must be a zero tolerance policy for academics who cheat. Extensive instruction should always be provided to students concerning the pitfalls of cheating and additionally they should be taught processes to improve their academic writing skills.
Universities must develop a culture of integrity and keep maintaining this through ongoing dialogue about the values upon which academia is situated. In addition they want to develop institutional responsibility that is moral really examining how student cheating is dealt with, confronting academics’ resistance to reporting and working with such cheating, and taking a tough get up on student teaching.
Then institutional values will become internalised and practised as the norm if this is done well. Developing such cultures requires determined leadership at senior university levels.